Electroclash is a genre of music that fuses 1980s electro, new wave and synth-pop with 1990s techno, retro-style electropop and electronic dance music.It emerged in the later 1990s and is often thought of as reaching its peak circa 2002/2003. It was pioneered by and associated with acts such as I-F, Miss Kittin and The Hacker and Fischerspooner.
electronic music refers to such music types as Techno, Trance, House, Drum and Bass. Electronic music is a musical style, but not a separate one.
Retro electro emerged at the end of the 1990s. It was pioneered by I-F with his 1997 track "Space Invaders Are Smoking Grass" (which, "introducing old-fashioned verse-chorus dynamics to burbling electro in a vocodered homage to Atari-era hi-jinks," is the "record widely credited with catalysing" the retro electro movement),as well as French recording duo Miss Kittin & The Hacker who were “setting and defining the retro electro scene”with the two anthems 1982 and Frank Sinatra which were first released in 1998 on DJ Hell's label International DeeJay Gigolo Records,which has been referred to as the "germ cell" and "THE home" of the retro electro sound. Gigolo featured many of the early retro electro songs, such as for example Christopher Just's I'm a Disco Dancer from 1997 or Chris Korda's Save the Planet, Kill Yourself, which originally even had been released as early as 1993.In the widely recognized film documentary Welcome to the club! 25 years of electronic dance music by European televion network Arte, Miss Kittin describes the origination of the first songs of the new style together with DJ Hell and declares him the inventor of the retro electro genre.The style was pursued by artists including Felix da Housecat,Peaches, Chicks on Speed,Fischerspooner and Toktok vs. Soffy O. During their early years, Ladytron were sometimes labeled as retro electro, but others stated that they were not entirely retro electro and they also rejected this tag themselves.Goldfrapp's albums Black Cherry and Supernature incorporated retro electro influences.
As its early artists came from many countries, retro electro is a movement that emerged internationally,but was scraped together and mentored by entrepreneurs such as label boss DJ Hell and promoter Larry Tee. Due to its trash and glamour factor it became an urban phenomenon with its centers in Berlin, New York, London and Munich,but the hype of retro electro is said to have been over again by 2003.In the US it came to media attention, when the retro electro Festival was held in New York in October 2001 to "make a local breakthrough with this scene, presenting a select group of superstar and pioneer artists from Europe and the U. S.".The retro electro Festival was held again in 2002 with subsequent live tours across the US and Europe in 2003 and then 2004. Other notable artists who performed at the festivals and subsequent tours include: Scissor Sisters, ADULT., Erol Alkan, Princess Superstar, Mignon, Mount Sims, Tiga and Spalding Rockwell.